The Flipped Classroom

Education Impact Technologies are experts on the flipped classroom model as Dr. Morris has been using the flipped classroom model for many years. For one of his courses, about three dozen videos were created for the students. In the flipped classroom model, course material that would normally be covered in a classroom lecture are instead described on video. Students work on traditional ‘homework’ during class and watch the videos with the course material as homework outside of class. In the flipped classroom model, students have the advantage of asking questions of the instructor during class while they work on the homework, as well as being able to watch (and pause) the course videos multiple times. Evidence has shown that student learning outcomes improve with a well-designed flipped classroom model.

An example of the flipped classroom was in the Systems in Organizations course. One aspect of the course consisted of the student groups being assigned cases and simulations to analyze, evaluate, and recommend solutions (as well as to play and compete in the simulations). Instead of lecturing in the classroom to go over various aspects of the cases and simulations, the core components of previous lectures were put into videos. None of the videos were lecture-capture, rather, they were screen-capture videos with narration while showing Excel spreadsheets or displaying various concepts that the students needed to understand to be successful in the course. The material in the videos were core pieces of the lectures that were once part of the traditional classroom instruction and ranged from 2 to 11 minutes in length.

One huge advantage for the flipped classroom model is that the students have the ability to go back and replay the videos as many times as necessary. They can also pause during a video while they are trying to re-create a spreadsheet or work on a problem in the case. No longer do students need to struggle with incomplete notes or trying to remember what was covered in a lecture in the past.

The flipped classroom helps almost all students whether they are native speakers or not. The flipped classroom is a tremendous boon for foreign language speakers as information in a lecture is possibly not understood or is lost due to cognitive overload. Evidence and experience has shown that a tremendous amount of information is lost from lectures for many, if not most, students, whether or not the lecture is in the native tongue of the student. The flipped classroom model avoids the problem by having the information recorded and possibly conveyed multiple times to the students.

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